Mutualist.Org: Free Market Anti-Capitalism

Suggested Reading

Homebrew Industrial Revolution
Anarchist Theory of Organizational Behavior
Articles and Essays
Suggested Reading
Mutualist Political Economy



Classics of Anarchism, Mutualism, Decentralism
More Recent Works on Decentralism and Bottom-Up Social  Organization
Getting from Here to There
Issues of Economic Centralism, Efficiency and Economy of Scale
Primitive Accumulation, Statist Origins of Capitalism
Modern State Capitalism
New Class Elitism/Social Engineering
Police State (and other aspects of Neoliberal revolution since 1970)
Information Control and the Cultural Apparatus


Classics of Anarchism, Mutualism and Decentralism

Gilbert Keith Chesterton.  "The Meaning of Merry England"  Chapter VIII of A Short History of England (1917)

Charles A. Dana.  "Proudhon and His Bank of the People"  (New York: Benj. J. Tucker, Publisher 1896).

Voltairine de Cleyre.  "Anarchism and American Traditions"

P. E. De Puydt.  Panarchy.  Translated from French by John Zube, Adrian Falk (first published in Revue Trimestrielle, Brussels, 1860)

Clifford Hugh Douglas.  Social Credit (1924, 1933)

Henry George.  Progress and Poverty (1879).  Abridged online text at

George.  Social Problems (1883).

Silvio Gesell.  The Natural Economic Order  translated by Philip Pye M.A.

William Godwin. An Enquiry  Concerning the Principles of Political Justice (1793)

William P. Greene. Mutual Banking (New York: Gordon Press, 1849, 1974). 

Thomas Hodgskin. Labour Defended Against the Claims of Capital (New York: Augustus M. Kelley, Publishers, 1969 [1825]).

Hodgskin. Natural and Artificial Right of Property Contrasted (1832)

Pyotr Kropotkin.  "Anarchism"  Encyclopedia Britannica, 1910

Kropotkin. The Conquest of Bread 1st edition (New York and London: G. P. Putnam's Sons, 1906)

Kropotkin. Mutual Aid: A Factor of Evolution (New York: Doubleday, Page & Co., 1909).

Kropotkin. The State: Its Historic Role (London: Freedom Press, 1946).

James J. Martin. "Bibliographical Essay" (on individualist anarchism)

Martin.  Men Against the State: The Expositors of Individualist Anarchism in America, 1827-1908. [the single best general source on American individualist anarchism]

Chapter 5 online

Chapter 6 online

Jeff Riggenbach.  "James J. Martin, 1916-2004" May 18, 2004

Albert J. Nock.  Our Enemy the State (1935).

Franz Oppenheimer.  The State (New York:  Free Life Editions, 1975)

Oppenheimer.  "A Post Mortem on Cabridge Economics"  American Journal of Economics and Sociology 2:3 (1942/43); 2:4 (1943); 3:1 (1944)

Eduard Heimann.  "Franz Oppeheimer's Economic Ideas"  Social Research (New York) 11:1 (February 1944) pp. 27-39.

Thomas Paine.  Agrarian Justice (1797)

Lucy Parsons.  "The Principles of Anarchism"

P. J. Proudhon. The Principle of Federation. Translated by Richard Vernon (Toronto, Buffalo, London: University of Toronto Press, 1979 [1863]).

Proudhon. General Idea of the Revolution in the Nineteenth Century. Translated by John Beverly Robinson (New York: Haskell House Publishers, Ltd., 1923, 1969 [1851])

Proudhon.  System of Economical Contradictions:  or, the Philosophy of Misery

Proudhon.  What is Property? (1840-42)

J. B. Robertson. The Economics of Liberty. (Mineapolis: Herman Kuehn, 1916).

Thomas Skidmore.  The Rights of Man to Property (New York, 1829)

The Source and Remedy of the National Difficulties (London:  Rodwell and Martin, New-Bond Street, 1821)

Introduction by Tom Walker of the Work Less Party

Herbert Spencer.  "The Right to Ignore the State."  Chapter XIX of the 1851 edition of Social Statics, dropped from later editions. 

Lysander Spooner. Constitutional Law, Relative to Credit, Currency, and Banking (Worcester, Mass.: M. D. Phillips, 1843). 

Spooner. An Essay on the Trial by Jury (1852)

Spooner. Natural Law

Spooner. A New System of Paper Currency (Boston: Stacy & Richardson, 1861).

Spooner. Poverty: Its Illegal Causes, and Legal Cure. Part I (Boston: Bela Marsh, 1846).

Max Stirner.  The Ego and His Own.  A Reproduction of the First English Edition.   Translated from the German by  Steven T. Byington.  (New York:  BENJ. R. TUCKER, Publisher, 1907).

Clarence Swartz.  What is Mutualism? (Vanguard Press:  April 1927)  [excerpt]

Henry David Thoreau.  "On the Duty of Civil Disobedience (Resistance to Civil Government)" 1849

Benjamin Tucker. Individual Liberty [a radically streamlined version of Instead of a Book]

Tucker.  "The Life of Benjamin Tucker"

Tucker.  Instead of a Book: By a Man Too Busy to Write One. (New York: Haskell House Publishers, 1897 1969). [rich, massive compilation of Tucker's writings from the journal Liberty.]

Josiah Warren.  Equitable Commerce. Revision of 1846 edition (New York: Burt Franklin, 1852).

Victor S.  Yarros.  "The Course of Social Reform and Political Psychology"  American Journal of Sociology Vol. 17, No. 1, pp. 77-89.

Yarros.  "The Labor Question and the Social Problem"  American Journal of Sociology Vol. 9, No. 6, pp. 768-90.

Yarros "Social Science and 'What Labor Wants'" American Journal of Sociology Vol. 19, No. 3, pp. 308-322.

Yarros.  "Taxation and the Philosophy of the State" American Journal of Sociology Vol. 4 No. 6, pp. 758-64.

Yarros.  "The Trust Problem Restudied"  American Journal of Sociology Vol. 8, No. 1, pp. 58-74.

The Levellers

Christopher Hill.  "Gerard Winstanley: 17th Century Communist at Kingston"  Kingston University, January 24, 1996.

The Levellers Vindicated (1649)

John Lilburne et al.  An Agreement of the Free People of England (1649)

Lilburne.  England's New Chains Discovered (1648)  Part II  (1649)

Cornet William Thompson.  England's Standard Advanced  (1649)

"The True Levellers Standard Advanced: Or, The State of Community Opened, and Presented to the Sons of Men"  (1649)

Gerard Winstanley.  "A Declaration from the Poor oppressed People OF ENGLAND"   (1649)

Winstanley.  "A Letter to the Lord Fairfax and His Councell of War" (1649)

Winstanley.  "A New Yeers Gift for the Parliament and Armie" (1650)


More Recent Works on Decentralism and Bottom-Up Social Organization

Herbert Agar and Alan Tate, eds. Who Owns America? A New Declaration of Independence (Wilmington, Del.: ISI Books, 1936, 1999). [a companion book to I'll Take My Stand]

Todd Altman.  "The Democratic Freedom Caucus:  The Democratic Party's Last Hope?" The Progress Report, December 31, 2003

David Beato.  From Mutual Aid to the Welfare State:  Fraternal Societies and Social Services, 1890-1967 (Chapel Hill, N.C.:  UNC Press, 2000).

Beato.  The Voluntary City:  Choice, Community, and Civil Society (University of Michigan Press, 2003).

Yochai Benkler.  "Sharing Nicely: On Shareable Goods and the Emergence of Sharing as a Modality of Economic Production" Yale Law Journal 2004

"Ralph Borsodi:  The Plowboy Interview"  Mother Earth News No. 26 (March-April 1974)

Harry C. Boyte. The Backyard Revolution: Understanding the New Citizen Movement (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1980). [This book contains a wealth of material on so many subjects it's hard to classify under one heading. Besides what the title suggests, it also has heavily annotated chapters on the rise of corporate liberalism and the contemporary rule of the New Class, and on the new elite neoliberal consensus of the 1970s]

Elizabeth Brubaker.  "Nature's Case for Restoring Strong Property Rights" Prepared for the Fraser Institute's
Student Seminar on Public Policy Issues, November 5, 1994

Ken Darrow and Mike Saxenian. Appropriate Technology Sourcebook. Volunteers in Asia/Appropriate Technology Project (Stanford, 1993).

David De Leon. The American as Anarchist: Reflections on Indigenous Radicalism (Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1978).

Brian Doherty.  "Libertarians and Greens:  Room for Alliance?"  Reason Hit&Run August 2, 2004

Logan Ferree.  "Building a Pro-Liberty Democratic Party"  Democratic Freedom, December 28, 2003

Ferree.  "A Call for Libertarians to Reform the Democratic Party" Democratic Freedom, September 6, 2003

Matthew H. Fleming, John Roman, Graham Farrell.  "The Shadow Economy"  Journal of International Affairs, Spring 2000, 53, no. 2

Fred Foldvary.  "The Completely Decentralized City:  The Case for Benefits Based Public Finance"  The American Journal of Economics and Sociology,  January 2001

Larry Gambone.   For Community. The communitarian anarchism of Gustav Landauer, the origins of his thought and influence  (Montreal:  Red Lion Press, 2001)

Gambone.  The Impossibilists (Montreal:  Red Lion Press, 1995) 

Larry Gambone.  The Libertarian Movement in Chile. 1840 to the Present

Larry Gambone. "Move over Karl, Anarchism Is Back! (Review of Kevin A. Carson’s Studies in Mutualist Political Economy)"

Gambone. "The Plague of Law Locusts"  The Individual July 2004

Gambone.  Proudhon and Anarchism:  Proudhon's Libertarian Thought and the Anarchist Movement (Montreal:  Red Lion Press, 1996)

Gambone.  Reform and Revolution: Moderates and Revolutionaries in the French CGT  (Montreal:  Red Lion Press, 1995)

Gambone.  "The Spanish CGT" (22 Oct 2004)

Gambone.  Syndicalism in Myth and Reality (Montreal:  Red Lion Press, 1995)

Gambone.  "The Way It Was (And the Way It Can Be)" The Idyllic Aug. 9, 2003

Paul and Percival Goodman.  Communitas:  Means of Livelihood and Ways of Life (Vintage Books, 1947).

Paul Goodman.  "The Black Flag of Anarchism"

Goodman. Compulsory Miseducation (Horizon Press, 1962)

Goodman. People or Personnel and Like a Conquered Province (New York: Vintage, 1968).

Goodman. Reflections on Drawing the Line

Goodman. Utopian Essays and Practical Proposals (New York: Vintage, 1964).

Richard Wall.  "The Radical Individualism of Paul Goodman"  LewRockwell.Com February 28, 2003.

Andre Gorz.  Critique of Economic Reason, Chapter Three.  "Summary for Trade Unionists and Other Left Activists"

Thomas H. Greco, Jr.  New Money for Healthy Communities (Thomas H. Greco, Jr.:  Tucson, 1994)

Green Mountain Anarchist Collective, (NEFAC-Vermont).  "Neither Washington Nor Stowe: Common Sense For The Working Vermonter" (July 2004)

Spencer Heath.  "The Alternative Georgist Tradition"  Fragments, Summer/Fall, 1997 (June 1,

Karl Hess. Community Technology (Breakout Productions reissue, 1995).

Karl Hess.  "The Death of Politics"  Playboy March 1969

Hess, and David Morris. Neighborhood Power: The New Localism (Boston: Beacon Press, 1975).

"Karl Hess:  The Plowboy Interview"  Mother Earth News No. 37 (Jan-Feb. 1976)

James Boyd.  "From Far Right to Far Left--and Farther--With Karl Hess"  New York Times Magazine, December 6, 1970.

Ivan Illich.  "A Constitution for Cultural Revolution"  from Celebration of Awareness (London:  Calder and Boyas, 1971)

Illich. Deschooling Society  (1970).

Illich.  Disabling Professions (London: Calder & Boyars, 1979).

Illich. Energy and Equity (London: Calder & Boyars, 1974)

Illich.  Silence is a Commons  (1983)

Illich.  Tools for Conviviality

Illich.  Vernacular Values.  A series of 1980 essays in CoEvolution Quarterly on which Shadow Work (1981) was based

Illich.  "The Wisdom of Leopold Kohr"  from Resurgence 184

"Ivan Illich with Jerry Brown"  KPFA  March 22, 1996

Richard Wall. "A Turbulent Priest in the Global Village" LewRockwell.Com January 4, 2005

"Interview with Sam Smith" (Adam Engel) Counterpunch November 14, 2003

Jane Jacobs  Interview.  Conducted by Jim Kunstler Sept. 6, 2000  for Metropolis Magazine  (March 2001)

Dr. Bob James.  Craft, Trade, or Mystery: Part One - Britain from Gothic Cathedrals to the Tolpuddle Conspirators  (January 2001; Revised May 2002)

James.  "Mutuality"  Paper delivered at Australian Friendly Society Association's (AFSA)
NATIONAL CONFERENCE, Coffs Harbour, May 2000

James.  "Secret Handshakes and Health Care in Australia"  in celebration of the Sesquicentenary of the Grand United Order of Oddfellows (Newcastle: July, 1998)

James.  "Secret Societies and the Labour Movement" Part 1 of a pamphlet produced by Bob James for the 6th Biennial Conference of the Australian Society for the Study of Labour History, held 1-4 October 1999 in Wollongong  Part 2, titled "The Knights of Labour and Their Context"

James.  "The Tragedy of Labour History in Australia" Talk given at the Wollongong Labour History Society in August 1997

Warren Johnson. Muddling Toward Frugality. (San Francisco: Sierra Club Books, 1978).

Adam Johnston.  "What is Market Socialism?" (2004)

Bill Kauffman.  "My America vs. the Empire"  Counterpunch June 25, 2003

Kauffman.  "Think Locally, Act Locally, Live Locally:  Education on the Human Scale"

Kauffman.  "The Way of Love:  Dorothy Day and the American Right"  Whole Earth Summer 2000

Daniel Kinderman.  "The Janus-Faced Nature of Working-Time Reduction:  Between Rationalization Whip  and Instrument for Social Justice"

Steven Leikin.  The Practical Utopians:  American Workers and the Cooperative Movement in the Gilded Age  (Wayne State University Press, 2005).

Christopher Locke, Rick Levine, Doc Searles, David Weinberger.  The Cluetrain Manifesto:  The End of Business as Usual (Perseus Publishing, 2001). 

Roderick T. Long.  "Anarchy Plus"  Austro-Athenian Empire, November 17, 2004

Long.  "How Government Solved the Health Care Crisis:  Medical Insurance that Worked — Until Government 'Fixed' It"  Formulations (Winter 1993-94)

Ken MacLeod.  "Libertarianism, the Loony Left, and the Secrets of the Illuminati"  Libertarian Alliance, Personal Perspectives No. 10 (1998)

Brian Martin. "Demarchy:  A Democratic Alternative to Electoral Politics"  Kick It Over #30 (Fall 1992), pp. 11-13.

Race Matthews.  "Jobs of Our Own:  A Distributist Future for Australia"  Lecture delivered to G.K. Chesterton Society of Western Australia, May 27, 1999.

Matthews.  "Mutualist Options for Employee Ownership, Industrial Democracy and Workplace Reform."

Matthews.  "Recovering Our Roots: Mutualism, Mutuals and the ALP"  Paper delivered at the Australian Fabian Society/Pluto Press Conference "Unchain My Mind: New Social-Democratic Ideas for Labor in Government", Melbourne, 27 July, 2000

Andrew McLeod.  "Training for Democracy"  Grassroots Economic Organizing (2001)

"Ralph Nader:  Conservatively Speaking"  Pat Buchanan interview.  The American Conservative, June 21, 2004

Thomas H. Naylor.  "The Vermont Manifesto"

Robert Nozick. Anarchy, State, and Utopia (Basic Books, 1974).

Joe Peacott.  "An Anarchist Case Against Gun Control"  BAD Broadside #16 (April 1997)

Peacott.  "Free Trade is Fair Trade:  An Anarchist Looks at World Trade"  Bad Press Broadside #3 (Jan. 2000)

Peacott.  "Health Care Without Government"  Economics Notes No. 98 (Libertarian Alliance, 2003) 

Peacott.  "Individualism, Anarchy, and Compassion"  BAD Broadside #14 (Feb. 1996)

Peacott.  "Individualism and Inequality"

Peacott.  "Individualism Reconsidered"  (Nov. 1993; Revised Feb. 2001)

Peacott.  "An Overview of Individualist Anarchist Thought"  Economics Notes No. 97 (Libertarian Alliance, 2003)

Peacott.  "The Poverty of the Welfare State"  BAD Broadside #18 (April 1998)

Kevin Potvin.  "The Corporation Leads to Ruin"  The Republic August 5-18, 2004

Potvin.   "Whose Economy is This, Anyway?"  The Republic August 19-September 1, 2004

Kenneth Rexroth.  Communalism:  From Its Origins to the Twentieth Century  (Seabury Press, 1974).

"The Social Lie" (Kenneth Rexroth interview)  from Lawrence Lipton’s The Holy Barbarians (Messner, 1959).

Jerry Reynolds  "The Case for Local Currencies"  Indian Country.   Part I (January 19, 2004)  Part II (January 27, 2004)  Part III (February 18, 2004)

Francois-Rene Rideau.  "Public Goods Fallacies:  False Justifications for Government"

Clarence Riegel.  The New Approach to Freedom.  Edited by Spencer Heath McCallum (San Pedro, Cal.:  The Heather Foundation, 1976).

Riegel.  Private Enterprise Money:  A Non-Political Money System (1944)

Craig Russell.  "Defining Freedom"  Strike the Root weblog, September 17, 2003

Russell.  "Homogenizing America" Strike the Root, November 14, 2003

Russell.  "Learning From Wood"  Endervidualism  November 30, 2004

Russell.  "Our American Nonage" Strike the Root September 4, 2003

Kirkpatrick Sale. Human Scale. (New Yok: Coward, McCann, Geoghegan, 1980).

William Schnack.  "Libertarian Market Socialism:  or, What is Self-Management?" 

Friedrich Schneider, Dominik Enste.  "Hiding in the Shadows:  The Growth of the Underground Economy" Economic Issues No. 30 (International Monetary Fund, 2002)

Butler Shaffer.  "What is Anarchy?"  January 13, 2004.

Henry J. Silverman, ed. American Radical Thought: The Libertarian Tradition (Lexington, Mass.: D.C. Heath and Company, 1970).

Sam Smith.  "A Cooperative Commonwealth," from Great American Political Repair Manual (WW Norton, 1997)

Jeffrey St. Clair.  "What Would Lilburne Do?  Intolerable Opinions in an Age of Shock and Awe"  March 20/21, 2004

S. Stavrianos. The Promise of the Coming Dark Age (San Francisco: W. H. Freeman and Co., 1976).

Dan Sullivan.  "Greens and Libertarians:  The Yin and Yang of Our Political Future"  Green Revolution 49:2 (Summer 1992)

Twelve Southerners. I'll Take My Stand: The South and the Agrarian Tradition (Baton Rouge and London: LSU Press, 1930, 1958). [the manifesto of the Nashville agrarians]

Joseph R. Stromberg.  "Left and Right:  An Outworn Framework" Whole Earth, Summer 2000.

Peter Vallentyne.  "Libertarianism"  Standford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (2002)

Jesse Walker.  "Lobotomies, Socialist and Capitalist"  Reason December 2001 [review of Ronald Radosh's Commies

Walker.  "Sam Smith:  the Three-Dot Interview."  for KSER, Seattle, 1997

Jesse Walker.  "The War Between the Statists" Tech Central Station October 8, 2004

Colin Ward. "The Anarchist Sociology of Federalism" Freedom June 27 and July 11 1992.

Ward.  "Origin of the Welfare State" Freedom June 1959.

Ward. "The Path Not Taken" The Raven No. 3, 1987

Ward.  "Six Centuries of Squatting" Chapter Eight of Squatting: the real story

Ward. "Slippery Schooling Issues" Freedom Press, Aug. 21, 1999

Ward. "What Will Anarchism Mean Tomorrow?"

Karl Williams.  "Geonomics:  A Summary for Newcomers"

Robert Anton Wilson.  Online Texts.

Claire Wolfe.  "How to Avoid Work"  Backwoods Home, Oct. 1, 2004  Part II  (October 15, 2004)

I. B. Ybarra.  "Rent--An Injustice"  The Match! Pamphlet Series, August 1984


Getting From Here to There

Beyond Left and Right issue, Whole Earth Summer 2000 (scroll down to issue).

David M. Boje.  "Ten Solutions to Transform Victorian Capitalism into Democratic Capitalism" (June 17, 1998)

Chaz Bufe.  Listen Anarchist! (1987)

Roy A. Childs, Jr.  "Objectivism and the State:  An Open Letter to Ayn Rand"  (ISIL, 1969).

Julian Dibbell.  "We Pledge Allegiance to the Penguin"  Wired November 2004

Brian A. Dominick.  Grassroots Revolutionary Strategy (Book in Progress)

Dominick. "An Introduction to Dual Power Strategy"

Brad Edmonds.  "Why Abolishing Government Would Not Bring Chaos"  LewRockwell.Com December 15, 2003

Thomas Frank.  "The Elitism Myth"

Larry Gambone.  "An Alternative Union Movement"  The Republic, Nov. 25-Dec. 8, 2004

Gambone. "Anarchist Strategy Discussion" unpublished.

Gambone.  For Community:  The Communitarian Anarchism of Gustav Landauer (Montreal:  Red Lion Press, 2001)

Gambone.  "The Fallacy of Labels"  The Idyllic July 30, 2003

Gambone. Sane Anarchy (Red Lion Press, 1995).

Larry Gambone.  "Secession Movements" The Idyllic June 15, 2004

Larry Gambone.  "Toward Post-Modern Anarchism" (Montreal:  Red Lion Press)

Gambone. "What is Anarchism?" Total Liberty vol. 1 no. 3 Autumn 1998. 

Gambone.  "What is Populism?"  (Montreal:  Red Lion Press, 1996)

Mark Gillespie.  "Anarchist Finance, or What Price Ancapistan?" January 26, 2004

Gillespie.  "Just Plain Anarchy" November 17, 2003

Anthony Gregory.  "Libertarianism *is* Radical--Deal With It"  Rational Review, October 13, 2003

Joe Guinan.  "Pension Fund Socialism:  The Left Needs a Capital Strategy" (2003)

James Herod.  Getting Free:  A sketch of an association of democratic, autonomous neighborhoods and how to create it.  2004

Jane Jacobs.  Cities and the Wealth of Nations: Principles of Economic Life (New York:  Vintage Books, 1984, 1985).

Jacobs.  The Economy of Cities (New York: Vintage Books, 1969, 1970).

Bill Kauffman.  "Hey Ralph, Why Not Another Party of the People?"  March 11, 2004

Samuel Edward Konkin III. New Libertarian Manifesto.

"Interview With Samuel Edward Konkin III" (2002)

Lil Joe.  "Reparations and Class Politics in America" February 22, 2004.

Roderick T. Long.  "Beyond the Boss:  Protection From Big Business in a Free Nation"  Formulations August 1996

Long.  "Dismantling Leviathan From Within"  (in three parts) Forumulations Summer 1995-Winter 1995/96.

Long.  "A Plea for Public Property"  Formulations Spring 1998

Dr. Race Matthews.  "Turning the Tide:  Towards a Mutualist Philosophy and Politics for Labor and the Left"  Australian Fabian Society Pamphlet No. 56 (2001).

Lee McCracken.  "Hijacking Privatization" Strike the Root November 18, 2002

McCracken. "Two Cheers for Ralph Nader" March 3, 2004

Gary North.  Don't Invest in Copyright-Protected Companies" Nov. 5, 2003

Joe Peacott.  "Anarchism:  Communist or Individualist?  Both"  BAD Broadside # 12

Peacott.  "Anarchism Without Hyphens"  Bad Press Broadside #2 (Nov. 1999)

Peacott.  "Chomsky's Statism:  An Anarchism for the Next Millennium?"

Peacott.  "Privatization?  It Doesn't Go Far Enough"  BAD Broadside #17 (Oct. 1997)

Peacott.  "Where Are the Anarchists?"  Bad Press Broadside #4 (May 2000)

Keith Preston.  "A Calm Anarchist Look at Race, Culture, And Immigration"  The Idyllic Aug. 21, 2003

Preston.  "Am I a Fascist?  An Open Letter to the Left-Wing Anarchist Movement"

Preston.  "America After the Revolution"

Preston. "Anarchism or Anarcho-Social /Democracy?"

Preston."Conservatism is Not Enough: Reclaiming the Legacy of the Anti-State Left"

Preston. "Left and Right: Prospects for a Revolutionary Alliance"

Preston.  "National Anarchy and the American Ideal"  The Idyllic  Part I (July 30, 2003)  Part II (Aug. 1, 2003)  Part III (Aug. 9, 2003)

Preston. "Reply to Brian Oliver Sheppard's 'Anarchism Vs. Right-Wing Anti-Statism'" 

Preston.  "Philosophical Anarchsim and the Death of Empire"

Justin Raimondo.  "Old Right Nader."  The American Conservative  November 8, 2004

Llewellyn H. Rockwell, Jr.  "Why the State is Different"  December 30, 2002

Douglas Rushkoff.  "Open Source Currency"  The Feature October 13, 2004

Craig Russell.  "Voting Booths Open Today"  October 23, 2004

Mary J. Ruwart.  Healing Our World in an Age of Aggression.  Third edition (Sunstar Press, 2003). 

Chris Matthew Sciabarra. Total Freedom:  Toward a Dialectical Libertarianism (University Park, Penn.:  The Pennsylvania State University Press, 2000).

Arthur Silber.  "In Praise of Contextual Libertarianism"  The Light of Reason, November 2, 2003

Jonathan Simcock. "Editorial for Current Edition,"

Ed Stamm. "Anarchists Condemn Anti-WTO Riots" The Match! Spring 2000.

Peter Staudenmaier. "Anarchism and the Cooperative Ideal," The Communitarian Anarchist vol. 1 no. 1.

Matt Taibbi.  "Che Go Home:  We Don't Need a Revolution.  We Need a Clue"  New York Press 17:37

Jesse Walker.  "Elaboration"

Colin Ward.  "Schools No Longer,"  Chapter IX of Anarchy in Action (1973)

Ward. "Temporary Autonomous Zones" Freedom Spring 1997

You Can't Blow Up a Social Relationship: The Anarchist Case Against Terrorism (Tucson, Ariz.: See Sharp Press, 1998).


Issues of Economic Centralism, Efficiency and Economy of Scale

Walter Adams and James W. Brock. The Bigness Complex: Industry, Labor and Government in the American Economy (New York: Pantheon Books, 1986).

Barry Stein. Size, Efficiency and Community Enterprise (Cambridge, Mass.: Center for Community Economic Development, 1974).

Primitive Accumulation, Statist Origins of Capitalism

Werner Bonefield.  "The Permanence of Primitive Accumulation:  Notes on Social Constitution"

Maurice Dobb. Studies in the Development of Capitalism (London: Routledge and Kegan Paul, Ltd, 1963).

Jim Goad.  The Redneck Manifesto:  How Hillbillies, Hicks, and White Trash Became America's Scapegoats (New York:  Simon & Schuster, 1997).  Especially Chapters 2 and 3.

J.L. and Barbara Hammond. The Town Labourer (1760-1832) 2 vols. (London: Longmans, Green & Co., 1917)

Hammonds. The Village Labourer (1760-1832) (London: Longmans, Green & Co., 1913).

Nancy Holmstrom and Richard Smith. "The Necessity of Gangster Capitalism: Primitive Accumulation in Russia and China" Monthly Review February 2000

Steven A. Marglin. "What Do Bosses Do? The Origins and Functions of Hierarchy in Capitalist Production--Part I" Review of Radical Political Economics 6:2 (Summer 1974).

Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels.  Part VIII, "The So-Called Primitive Accumulation," Capital vol. 1, Collected Works v. 35 (New York: International Publishers, 1996).

Gilbert E. Metcalf.  "Fooled By the Shell Game"  Boston Globe, March 1, 2004.

Michael Perelman.  "The Secret History of Primitive Accumulation and Classical Political Economy" from The Invention of Capitalism (Durham and London:  Duke University Press, 2001), reprinted in The Commoner, September 2001.

Standard Schaefer.  "An Interview with Michael Hudson on How Privatization Sterilizes Culture"  February 14/15, 2004

Schaefer.  "Russia: Reforming the Reformers" (an interview with Michael Hudson on Putin's Russia)  February 27, 2004

E. P. Thompson. The Making of the English Working Class (New York: Vintage, 1963, 1966).

Modern State Capitalism

John Adams.  "Senator Hatch Introduced Bill to Burn People's Eyes Out" June 18, 2003

Paul Baran and Paul Sweezy. Monopoly Capitalism: An Essay in the American Economic and Social Order. (New York: Monthly Review Press, 1966)

Hilaire Belloc. The Servile State (Indianapolis: Liberty Classics, 1913, 1977).

David Callahan.  "The Myth of the Populist Stock Market"  Christian Science Monitor January 8, 2004

Colin J. Campbell and Jean H. Laherrere.  "The End of Cheap Oil:"  Scientific American March 1998

Roy Childs.  "Big Business and the Rise of American Statism"  Reason March 1971

Noam Chomsky.  "Market Democracy in a Neoliberal Order:  Doctrines and Reality" Z Magazine November 1997

Alexander Cockburn.  "Understanding the World with Paul Sweezy"  March 6/7, 2004

G. William Domhoff. The Higher Circles.  (New York: Vintage Books, 1970).

Domhoff. The Power Elite and the State (New York: Aldine de Gruyter, 1990).

William M. Dugger. Corporate Hegemony (New York: Greenwood Press, 1989).

Yves Engler.  "A Canadian Look at U.S. Healthcare"

"Federal Toll Roads?"  April 06, 2004

Sam Francis.  "Corporations Have No Souls" August 12, 2004

Robert Freeman. "Will the End of Oil Mean the End of America?" March 1, 2004

Sean Gabb.  "Dr Pirie Changes Trains (But Continues in the Same Direction)"  Free Life Commentary 18 (July 3, 1998)

John Kenneth Galbraith. The New Industrial State (New York: Signet, 1967).

Mark J. Green et al. The Closed Enterprise System. Nader Study Group Report on Antitrust Enforcement (New York: Grossman, 1972).

Daniel Gross.  "Socialism, American Style:  Why American CEOs covet a massive European-style social-welfare state"  Slate Aug. 1, 2003

Jurgen Habermas. Legitimation Crisis. Trans. by Thomas McCarthy (Great Britain: Polity Press, 1976, 1988).

Nicholas Heidorn.  "The Enduring Political Illusion of Farm Subsidies"  The Independent August 18, 2004

Edward S. Herman. Corporate Control, Corporate Power: A Twentieth Century Fund Study (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1981).

Rudolf Hilferding. Finance Capital. Edited and translated by Tom Bottomore (London and Boston: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1910 (1981)).

David Horowitz, ed. Corporations and the Cold War. (New York and London: Monthly Review Press, 1969).

Matthew Josephson.  The Robber Barons:  The Great American Capitalists 1861-1901 (New York:  Harcourt, Brace and Company, 1914)

N. Stephan Kinsella.  "Against Intellectual Property" Journal of Libertarian Studies  15:2 (Spring 2001), pp. 1-53.

Frank Kofsky. Harry S. Truman and the War Scare of 1948 (New York: St. Martin's Press, 1993).

Gabriel Kolko. The Triumph of Conservatism: A Reinterpretation of American History 1900-1916 (New York: The Free Press of Glencoe, 1963).

William Lazonick. Business Organization and the Myth of the Market Economy (Cambridge University Press, 1991).

Lazonick. Competitive Advantage on the Shop Floor (Cambridge and London: Harvard University Press, 1990).

Tibor Machan. "On Airports and Individual Rights," The Freeman: Ideas on Liberty. February 1999.

Paul Mattick.  "Economics of the War Economy"  American Socialist April 1959

Seymour Melman.  "From Private to State Capitalism:  How the Permanent War Economy Transformed the Institutions of American Capitalism."  Briefing Paper #18 (February 1997) National Commission for Economic Conversion and Disarmament

Melman.  The Permanent War Economy (Simon and Schuster, 1974).

Melman.  Profits Without Production. (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1983).

C. Wright Mills. The Power Elite (Oxford University Press, 1956, 2000).

Mills. "The Structure of Power in American Society," in Irving Louis Horowitz, ed., Power, Politics, and People: The Collected Essays of C. Wright Mills (New York: Balantine, 1963).

David Montgomery. The Fall of the House of Labor (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1979).

Montgomery. Workers Control in America (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1979).

"The New Enclosures" Midnight Notes #10 (1990).  Reprinted in The Commoner September 2001.

David F. Noble. America By Design: Science, Technology, and the Rise of Corporate Capitalism (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1977).

Noble. Forces of Production: A Social History of Industrial Automation (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1984).

James O'Connor.  The Fiscal Crisis of the State (New York: St. Martin's Press, 1973).

James Ostrowski.  "Same As It Ever Was:  Libertarians Battle the Corporate State"  LewRockwell.Com  December 31, 2003

Frances Fox Piven and Richard A. Cloward. Regulating the Poor: The Functions of Public Welfare (New York: Vintage Books, 1971, 1993).

Francois-Rene Rideau.  "Government and Microsoft:  a Libertarian View on Monopolies"

Rideau.  "Patents Are An Economic Absurdity"

Llewellyn H. Rockwell, Jr.  "Government Contractors Versus Real Business"  October 6, 2004

Jack Ross.  "There is But One System"  The Idyllic Aug. 21, 2003

Murray Rothbard. "The Federal Reserve as a Cartelization Device" in Barry N. Siegel, ed., Money in Crisis: The Federal Reserve, the Economy, and Monetary Reform. Pacific Institute for Public Policy Research (Cambridge, Mass.: Ballinger Publishing Company, 1984).

Murray Rothbard.  "Wall Street, Banks, and American Foreign Policy" (1984) Reproduced at LewRockwell.Com (2005), with Afterword by Justin Raimondo

Murray Rothbard and Ronald Radosh, eds. A New History of Leviathan: Essays on the Rise of the American Corporate State. (New York: E.P. Dutton & Co., Inc., 1972).

Joseph Schumpeter. "Imperialism." Imperialism, Social Classes: Two Essays by Joseph Schumpeter. Translated by Heinz Norden. Introduction by Hert Hoselitz. (New York: Meridian Books, 1955).

Theodore Seto.  "[Differential] Tax Cuts Boost Joblessness, Encourage Outsourcing" Atlanta Journal-Constitution  March 29, 2004

Martin J. Sklar. "Woodrow Wilson and the Political Economy of Modern United States Liberalism."  In Rothbard and Radosh, eds., pp. 7-65.

Adam Smith. The Wealth of Nations. Great Books edition (Encyclopedia Brittanica, Inc., 1952). [a great source on the hypocrisy of today's neoliberals]

Katherine Stone. "The Orignin of Job Structures in the Steel Industry," in Root & Branch, ed., The Rise of the Workers' Movements (Greenwich, Conn.: Fawcett Publications, Inc., ) pp. 123-157.

Joseph R. Stromberg. The Political Economy of Liberal Corporatism. (Center for Libertarian Studies, 1977).

Stromberg. "The Role of State Monopoly Capitalism in the American Empire" Journal of Libertarian Studies Volume 15, no. 3 (Summer 2001), pp. 57-93.

Tim Swanson "Texas-Sized Tomfoolery" Mises.Org (September 9, 2003) (how power deregulation really works).

Silja J.A. Talvi.  "Cashing in on Cons:  Undercover at the American Correctional Association’s 2005 Winter Conference" In These Times February 4, 2005

James Weinstein. The Corporate Ideal in the Liberal State (Boston: Beacon Press, 1968)

Sam Wells.  "Power Elites in America:  Oligopoly and Political Pull"

William Appleman Williams. The Contours of American History (1961).


New Class Elitism/Social Engineering

Barton J. Bledstein.  The Culture of Professionalism.

Bert Cochran.  "Socialism, Power Elites and Bureaucracy"

Herbert Croly. The Promise of American Life (Boston: Northeastern University Press, 1909,1989). [Since this book is the manifesto of corporate liberalism, it could just as easily have gone in the state capitalism section]

Cathy Cuthbert.  "The Missing S Affair"  January 26, 2000

Cuthbert.  "The Rise of the American Empire"  April 18, 2000

Michelle Bates Deakin.  "Schoolhouse Rocked" Boston Globe March 21, 2004

Frank Fischer.  Technocracy and the Politics of Expertise (Newbury Park, Calif.: Sage Publications, Inc., 1990).

John Taylor Gatto.  "Against School"

Gatto.  "Confederacy of Dunces:  The Tyranny of Compulsory Schooling"  Speech delivered at UT Austin

Gatto.  "Institutional Schooling Must Be Destroyed"

Gatto.  "A Map, a Mirror and a Wristwatch"

Gatto.  "Mudsill Theory, the Lancaster Amish, and Jaime Escalante"

Gatto.  "Nine Assumptions of Schooling--and Twenty-one Facts the Institution Would Rather Not Discuss"

Gatto.  "The Psychopathic School"  (from Dumbing Us Down)

Gatto.  "The Public School Nightmare:  why fix a system designed to destroy individual thought?"

Gatto.  "Radical Democracy and Our Future"

Gatto.  "A Short Angry History of American Forced Schooling"  Speech for Vermont Homeschooling Conference.

Gatto.  "Some Lessons From the Underground History of American Education"

Gatto.  "Some Thoughts on the National Socialization of Children"

Gatto.  The Underground History of American Education.

Gatto.  "We Need Less School, Not More"  (from Dumbing Us Down)

Gatto.  "What Really Matters"

Part 1.  Natural Life Magazine #40

Part 2.  Natural Life Magazine #41

Gatto.  "Why Schools Don't Educate"  Speech Jan. 31, 1990, on acceptance of NY Teacher of the Year award.

Gatto.  "The 7-Lesson Schoolteacher"  (New Society Publishers, 1992)

Jim Henley.  "When All the Time, There's This Great Plank in Your Own" (on New Class)

"John Holt:  Plowboy Interview"  Mother Earth News July/August 1980

Roland Huntford. The New Totalitarians (New York: Stein and Day, 1971). [the wonderful Swedish system that NPR liberals love so much; they actually DID all the things Sidney and Beatrice dreamed of]

Christopher Lasch. The Culture of Narcissism: American Life in an Age of Diminishing Expectations (New York: Norton, 1978, 1979).

Lasch. The Revolt of the Elites: And the Betrayal of Democracy (New York: W.W. Norton, 1995).

Jesse Walker review ("The Expropriation of Everyday Life")

Lasch. The True and Only Heaven: Progress and its Critics (New York: Norton, 1991).

Walter Lippmann. Public Opinion (New York: Harcourt, Brace and Co., 1922).

John P. McCarthy. Hilaire Belloc, Edwardian Radical (Indianapolis: Liberty Press, 1970). [See chapter on his disputes with the Fabians]

Tim O'Shea.  "The Doors of Perception:  Why Americans Will Believe Almost Anything"  August 15, 2001

Virginia Postrel.  "The Croly Ghost: Exorcising the specter haunting American politics"  Reason  December 1997

Sheldon Rampton and John Stauber. Trust Us, We're Experts! (New York: Jeremy P. Tarcher/Putnam, 2001).

Fred Reed.  "Driving Down Unknown Roads"  April 2, 2004

Sheldon Richman.  "Why the State took Control of 'Education':  Government Schools Are Not There to Serve Children"

Llewellyn H. Rockwell.  "The New Intellectuals"  February 12, 2004

Alan Singer.  "An Encounter with Senator Charles Schumer"  Counterpunch December 22, 2004

Joel Spring. Education and the Rise of the Corporate State (Boston: Beacon Press, 1972). [Rich source on corporate liberalism as an ideology, and on the managerial culture of "professionalism" and "expertise" that has befouled so many aspects of life]

Jesse Walker.  "Mr. Showbiz Goes to Washington"  Reason  April 1, 2004

Sidney and Beatrice Webb. The Prevention of Destitution (London, New York: Longmans, Green and Co., 1911). [Here they are! The predecessors of Hillary, Rosie, and Barbra, and all those other folks who know what's best for you]

Matt Welch.  "New Jersey's Teen Matt Drudge"  Online Journal Review, March 12, 2001.  [on Da Hiller, an underground student newspaper (see Links page)]

H.G. Wells.  Mankind in the Making (New York: Scribner's Sons, 1909).

H.G. Wells.  The Open Conspiracy:  Blue Prints for a World Revolution (1928)

Tom White.  "School Architecture Gives the Game Away"  July 6, 2004

Thomas E. Woods, Jr.  "Onward Christian Soldiers." The American Conservative March 29, 2004.



Mark Almond.  "The Price of People Power" The Guardian December 7, 2004,,1367965,00.html

Jeff Ballinger.  "Nike's Armies:  How the Military Enforces Global Capitalism" Nonviolent Activist  July-August 2000

Nirit Ben-Ari  with Bill Weinberg. "US-Sponsored Regime Change in Haiti" World War 3 Report

William Blum. Killing Hope: U.S. Military and CIA Interventions Since World War II (Monroe, Maine: Common Courage Press, 1995).

Chapter 52.  "Iraq--1990-1991:  Desert Holocaust"

Chapter 53.  "Afghanistan--1979-1992:  America's Jihad"

Roger Burbach.  "Argentina Fights Back:  Facing Off with the IMF and Global Bankers"  February 20/22, 2004.

Maj. Gen. Smedley Butler, USMC.  "War is a Racket"

Laura Carlsen.  "'Ugly Heads' and Blanket Condemnations:  Protest and Populism in Latin America"  October 9/10, 2004

Noam Chomsky. Deterring Democracy. (New York: Hill and Wang, 1991, 1992).  

Chomsky. World Orders Old and New. (New York: Columbia University Press, 1994).

Chomsky.  Year 501:  The Conquest Continues (1993)

John Patrick Diggins.  "The -Ism That Failed"  The American Prospect December 1, 2003. 

Robert Dreyfuss.  "The Thirty-Year Itch"  Mother Jones March-April 2003.

Madelaine Drohan.  "Now They Tell Us:  Privatization Is No Panacea"  Globe and Mail Aug. 6, 2003

Freeman.  "Sowing the Seeds of Corporatism in Iraq"  November 14, 2004

John T. Flynn.  "The Final Secret of Pearl Harbor"  Oct. 1945

Stan Goff.  "Debating a Neocon" November 10, 2004

Joe R. Golowka.  "The American Empire and the Emergence of a Global Ruling Class"  available on the Socio-Politics page of

Michael Hardt and Antonio Negri. Empire  (Harvard University Press, 2001). [coalescence of core and periphery into one entity, with third-worldization and creeping authoritarianism in core and western standard of living for Third World elites]

Seymour Hersh.  "The Coming Wars"  The New Yorker January 24, 2005

Nicholas Hildyard.  "The Myth of the Minimalist State:  Free Market Ambiguities"  Corner House Briefing 05  (March 1998)

Nicholas Hildyard.  "Public Risk, Private Profit:  The World Bank and the Private Sector" (July 1996)

Nancy Holmstrom and Richard Smith. "The Necessity of Gangster Capitalism: Primitive Accumulation in Russia and China" Monthly Review February 2000

Traci Hukill.  "The New Southern Democrats"  Alternet November 24, 2004

Samuel P. Huntington. "Political Development and the Decline of the American System of World Order" Daedalus 96 (Summer 1967). [admits that the postwar expansion of the USSR was relatively minor after it absorbed Eastern Europe; the central phenomenon since 1945 has been the expansion of the U.S. into the vacuum left by the British and French empires]

"Iraq's new patent law: A declaration of war against farmers" Against the Grain October 2004

Martin Khor Kok Peng. The Uruguay Round and Third World Sovereignty (Penang, Malaysia: Third World Network, 1990).

Naomi Klein.  "A Deadly Franchise" The Guardian Aug. 28, 2003.,3604,1030572,00.html

Gabriel Kolko. Confronting the Third World: United States Foreign Policy 1945-1980 (New York: Pantheon Books, 1988).

Kolko. The Roots of American Foreign Policy (Boston: Beacon Press, 1969).

David C. Korten. When Corporations Rule the World. (West Hartford and San Francisco: Kumarian Press, Inc./Berrett-Koehler Publishers, Inc., 1995).

William Kristol and Robert Kagan.  "Toward a Neo-Reaganite Foreign Policy"  Foreign Affairs (July/August 1996)

Karen Kwiatkowski.  "Making Money the Old-Fashioned Way"  LewRockwell.Com December 22, 2003

Christopher Layne and Benjamin Schwarz. "American Hegemony Without an Enemy" Foreign Policy 92 (Fall 1993).

Leonard Lewin.  Report From Iron Mountain:  A Satirical Indictment of RANDthink (November 1967)

Jim Lobe.  "U.S. Militarizing Latin America"  October 7, 2004

Lobe.  "What a Tangled Web the Neocons Weave"  December 23, 2003

Jerry Mander and Edward Goldsmith, eds. The Case Against the Global Economy and For a Turn Toward the Local (San Francisco: Sierra Club Books, 1996).

L. Marcus. "The Third Stage of Imperialism," in K.T. Fann and Donald C. Hodges, eds., Readings in U.S. Imperialism (Boston: Porter Sargent Publisher, 1971) [Third state characterized by movement of manufacturing process itself to Third World, coupled with massive state aid to infrastructure and other investment through such agencies as Bretton Woods institutions, and state aid to authoritarian regimes]

Richard K. Moore.  Global Transformation (2004).

"The National Security Strategy of the United States of America"  Sept. 2002

Cheryl Payer. The Debt Trap: The International Monetary Fund and the Third World (New York: Monthly Review Press, 1974).

James Petras.  "The Politics of Imperialism:  Neoliberalism and Class Politics in Latin America"  Counterpunch November 13, 2004

Chakravarthi Raghavan. Recolonization: GATT, the Uruguay Round & the Third World (Penang, Malaysia: Third World Network, 1990).

Justin Raimondo.  "The Yushchenko Mythos:  Don't believe the U.S. government's fairy tale about what's happening in Ukraine"  Antiwar.Com  November 29, 2004

Thomas Riggins.  "Threatening Democracy in Caracas"  Political Affairs December 2002.

William A. Robinson.  "Storm Clouds over Latin America" FOCUS ON TRADE NUMBER 83, DECEMBER 2002

Saddam Hussein Sourcebook

Standard Schaefer.  "Chile's Failed Economic Laborotory:  An Interview with Michael Hudson"  Counterpunch October 20, 2003.

Charles M. Sennott.  "The Imperial Imperative"  Boston Globe February 8, 2004.

Laurence H. Shoup and William Minter.  "Shaping a New World Order:  The Council on Foreign Relations' Blueprint for World Hegemony, 1939-1945," in Sklar, ed.

Arthur Silber.  "I Accuse:  To Those Who Pave the Way for the New Fascism"  Light of Reason weblog, June 25-July 8, 2003.

Holly Sklar, ed. Trilateralism: The Trilateral Commission and Elite Planning for World Management (Boston: South End Press, 1980).

Toni Solo.  "Rumsfeld in Nicaragua" Counterpunch November 17, 2004

Jeffrey St. Clair.  "Empire of the Locusts"  March 27, 2004

Robert B. Stinnett.  Day of Deceit: The Truth about FDR and Pearl Harbor  (Free Press, 2000).

Stinnett.  "December 7, 1941:  A Setup from the Beginning"  December 7, 2000

Joseph R. Stromberg.  "Experimental Economics, Indeed"  January 6, 2004

Stromberg.  "Inventing Iraq--Yet Again?"  May 12, 2004

Stromberg.  "Kantians With Cruise Missiles:  The Highest Stage of 'Liberal' Imperalism"  December 23, 2003

Stromberg.  "A Post-Modern Nimrod"  (review of Thomas Barnett's The Pentagon's New Map) September 28, 2004

Matt Taibbi.  "Oligarchs R Us"  NY Press 16:45

Eric Toussaint.  "Another World is Possible After All"

"Twilight of the Neocons?"  The Whiskey Bar December 25, 2003

Jude Wanniski.  "Looking Back:  Saddam's Invasion of Kuwait"  December 19, 2003

Janine R. Wedel.  "Neocon 'Flex Players' Await Bush's Second Term"  Pacific News Service, Nov 03, 2004

William Appleman Williams. The Tragedy of American Diplomacy (New York: Delta Books, 1959, 1962).


Police State and Other Aspects of Neoliberal Revolution Since 1970

Matthew Barganier.  "Ready for Four More Years?  They Certainly Are"  February 2, 2004

James Bovard. Feeling Your Pain: The Explosion and Abuse of Government Power in the Clinton-Gore Years (New York: St. Martin's Press, 2000)

Bovard. Freedom in Chains: The Rise of the State and the Demise of the Citizen (New York: St. Martin's Press, 1999)

Bovard. Lost Rights: The Destruction of American Liberty (New York: St. Martin's Press, 1994).

Bonnie Bucqueroux.  "When Cops Become Combat Troops"  Salon May 2, 2000

Alexander Cockburn. "The Jackboot State: The War Came Home and We're Losing It" Counterpunch 10 May 2000, at

Alfonso Chardy. "Reagan Aides and the 'Secret' Government" Miami Herald 5 July 1987, at

Michel Chossudovsky.  "Coup d'Etat in America?"  October 7, 2004

"Combat Arms Survey"

Brian Doherty.  "Wanna Go Where Everybody Knows Your Name?  How About Everything Else About You?" Reason January 13, 2004. 

Tom Engelhardt and Nick Turse.  "Captain America: Superhero of the Military-Industrial Complex"  October 16, 2004

Charles H. Featherstone.  "Is It Happening Here?"  September 22, 2004

Featherstone.  "Kick-Ass Conservatism"  December 8, 2003

Thomas Frank.  "Red State America Against Itself"  Adapted from the book: What's the Matter with Kansas? How Conservatives Won the Heart of America (2004). (scroll down).

Larry Gambone.  "The Neocons in a Nutshell (where they belong)"

Pt. 1

Pt.  2

Ritt Goldstein.  "Foundations are in Place for Martial Law in the U.S."  Sydney Morning Herald July 27, 2002.  Reprinted at

Robert Goldstein. Political Repression in America: 1870 to the Present (Cambridge, New York: Schenkman Publishing Co', 1978).

David M. Gordon. Fat and Mean: The Corporate Squeeze of Working Americans and the Myth of Management Downsizing (New York: The Free Press, 1996).

Bertram Gross. Friendly Fascism (New York: M. Evans and Company, Inc., 1980).

Edward Hasbrouck.  "Total Travel Information Awareness:  Travel Data and Privacy" (an analysis of CAPPS I and II.  The Practical Nomad

Gene Healy.  "Deployed in the U.S.A.:  The Creeping Militarization of the Home Front"  Cato Policy Analysis No. 503 (December 17, 2003)

Jim Henley.  "A Brief History of the Future"  Unqualified Offerings, December 15, 2002

Sander Hicks.  "Fearing FEMA"  April 14, 2003.

Jacob G. Hornberger. "Augusto Pinochet and the Conservative Threat to America" Future of Freedom Foundation, January 12, 2005

Samuel P. Huntington, Michael J. Crozier, Joji Watanuki. The Crisis of Democracy. Report on the Governability of Democracies to the Trilateral Commission: Triangle Paper 8 (New York: New York University Press, 1975).

Gary Indiana.  "No  Such Thing as Conspiracy:  Part 1  Village Voice May 25, 2004   Part 2  (June 1, 2004)  Part 3  (June 8, 2004)

"John Timoney:  The Man Behind The Massacre in Miami"  November 24, 2003

Robert Kuttner.  "America as a One-Party State" The American Prospect February 1, 2004.

Jerry M. Landay.  "The Apparat:  George Bush's Back-Door Political Machine"  March 18, 2004

John Laughland.  "The Technique of a Coup d'Etat" January 12, 2004.

George W. Liebmann.  "A Tale of Two Attorneys General"  (American Conservative Union Foundation, 2003)

David Lindorff.  "Ashcroft's Cointelpro:  Neutralizing Dissent in America" Counterpunch November 25, 2003.

"Measuring Everything That Moves:  The New Surveillance at Work"  I. and R. Simpson, eds., The Workplace and Deviance. JAI series on Research in the Sociology of Work (1999).

Greg Mitchell.  "Some Readers Want to Lock Up Al Neuharth"  Editor and Publisher, December 29, 2004

Richard K. Moore. "Escaping the Matrix" Whole Earth (Summer 2000).

Frank Morales.  "The Militarization of the Police"  Covert Action Quarterly Spring-Summer 1999, #67

Frank Morales.  "Report on Federal Anti-Activist Intelligence Network"

Frank Morales. "U.S. Military Civil Disturbance Planning: The War at Home" Covert Action Quarterly 69, Spring-Summer 2000, at

Morales.  "War Games at the Peace Rally"  Winter 2003.

David Neiwert.  "The Rise of Pseudo Fascism"  Part 1: The Morphing of the Conservative Movement  September 19, 2004  Part 2: The Architecture of Fascism
 September 26, 2004  Part 3: The Pseudo-Fascist Campaign  October 06, 2004  Part 4: The Apocalyptic One-Party State
October 10, 2004  Part 5: Warfare by Other Means  (October 19, 2004)   Part 6: Breaking Down the Barriers (October 25, 2004)  Part 7 [Conclusion]: It Can Happen Here (October 31, 2004)

Neiwert.  "Rush, Newspeak and Fascism" (2003)   HTML version

Rick Perlstein.  "The Eve of Destruction"  Village Voice  January 18, 2005,perlstein,60130,6.html

Robert R. Raymond.  "The IRS Claims New Patriot Act Type Power to Punish Political Dissenters"  Men's News Daily, December 16, 2003

Jim Redden. Snitch Culture: ...How Citizens are Turned into the Eyes and Ears of the State (Venice, Ca.: Feral House, 2000).

Paul Rosenberg. "The Empire Strikes Back: Police Repression of Protest From Seattle to L.A." L.A. Independent Media Center 13 August 2000, at

Harvey A. Silvergate and Carl Takei.  "Crossing the threshold" March 6, 2004

Starhawk.  "Police Lessons" 2000

Paul Starobin.  "The Dawn of the Daddy State"  The Atlantic Monthly June 2004

Joseph Stromberg.  "Things Not Said:  Homeland Security and Official Ideology"  April 29, 2004

Vin Suprynowicz. "What do police departments really do?" Las Vegas Review-Journal  November 14, 2004

Jeffrey A. Tucker.  "The Violence of Conservatism"  August 21, 2004.

Carl Watner.  "'Your Papers, Please!':  The Origin and Evolution of Official Identity in the United States"  The Voluntaryist Issue Number 121

Diane Cecilia Weber. "Warrior Cops: The Ominous Growth of Paramilitarism in American Police Departments" Cato Briefing Paper No. 50, 26 August 1999, at

Mike Whitney.  "The Guantanamo Gulag"  Counterpunch January 3, 2005

Kristian Williams.  "The Demand for Order and the Birth of Modern Policing"  Monthly Review December 2003

Claire Wolf.  "Hardyville:  Ashcroft, Bovard, the Patriot Act, and the Truth"  Backwoods Home January 15, 2004

Donald Atwell Zoll. "Shall We Let America Die?" National Review Dec. 16, 1969 pp. 1261-63. [on possibility of "conservative" alliance with corporate liberals and Schlesinger's "sensible center"--the direct predecessors of the neocons--in authoritarian dictatorship, if the only alternative was New Left victory]


Information Control and the Cultural Apparatus

Edward Bernays. Propaganda (New York: Horace Liberight, 1928).

Bernays.  Public Relations (Norman, Ok.:University of Oklahoma Press, 1952).

Julian Borger.  "The Spies Who Pushed for War"  The Guardian July 17, 2003.,2763,999737,00.html

Alex Carey. Taking the Risk Out of Democracy

Noam Chomsky and Edward S. Herman. Manufacturing Consent: The Political Economy of the Mass Media (New York: Pantheon Books, 1988).

Chomsky. Necessary Illusions: Thought Control in Democratic Societies (Boston: South End Press, 1989).

Noam Chomsky.  "What Makes Mainstream Media Mainstream"  Z Magazine October 1997

J. Bradford DeLong.  "Why, Oh Why, Can't We Have a Better Press Corps?" February 3, 2004

Robert Dreyfuss.  "More Missing Intelligence"  The Nation July 7, 2003.

Robert Dreyfuss and Jason Vest.  "The Lie Factory"  Mother Jones January/February 2004.

Don Feder.  "AP's One-Sided Venezuela Coverage"  The Narco News Bulletin Dec. 18, 2002

Larry Gambone.  "A Brief History of Cultural Manipulation in America"  The Idyllic Aug. 21, 2003

Al Giordano.  "Three Days That Shook the Media:  Online Journalism's Finest Hour/Exposed and Prevented a Coup" Narco News White Paper April 15, 2002

Harry Jaffe.  "Pentagon to Washington Post Reporter Ricks:  Get Lost"  Washingtonian  December 29, 2003

Robert Jensen.  "Journalists Actually Need Less Objectivity"  Newsday October 11, 2000

Doug Kern.  "Here I Blog, I Can Do No Other"  October 5, 2004

Harold D. Lasswell. Propaganda Techniques in the World War (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1927).

"Letterman vs. CNN-and-the-White-House" What Would Dick Think? (WWDT), April 1, 2004

Justin Lewis. "Objectivity and the Limits of Press Freedom" in Project Censored, Censored 2000 (New York, London, Sydney, Toronto: Seven Stories Press, 2000).

B.K. Marcus. "The Spectrum Should Be Private Property: The Economics, History, and Future of Wireless Technology" October 29, 2004

Michael Massing.  "Now They Tell Us"  New York Review of Books February 26, 2004

Robert W. McChesney and John Bellamy Foster.  "The 'Left-Wing' Media?" Monthly Review June 2003.

Michael Meacher.  "The Very Secret Service"  The Guardian, November 21, 2003,3604,1089931,00.html

C. Wright Mills. "The Cultural Apparatus," in Irving Louis Horowitz, ed., Power, Politics and People: The Collected Essays of C. Wright Mills (New York: Balantine, 1963).

"Operation Rockingham"

George Orwell.  "Politics and the English Language" (1946)

Michael Parenti. Inventing Reality:The Politics of the Mass Media (New York: St. Martin's Press, 1986)

Peter Phillips.  "Mainstream Media Fails Itself"

Christopher Reilly.  "The Media, the CIA and the Coup" Counterpunch April 15, 2002

Craig Russell.  "Television and the State"  April 30, 2003

Herbert Schiller.  The Mind Managers (Beacon Press, 1973).

Doc Searls.  "Saving the Net" Linux Journal July 22, 2003.

Slactivist. "Reality Matters"  Sept. 22, 2004.  Part I  Part II

Matt Taibbi.  "Pravda, Izvestia, Time:  On the 'Person of the Year' issue" New York Press 17:52

Siva Vaidhyanathan.  "The new information ecosystem"  "Part 1: cultures of anarchy and closure" June 26, 2003   "Part 2:  'Pro-gumbo':  culture as anarchy"  July 10, 2003  "Part 3: The anarchy and oligarchy of science"   "Part 4: The nation-state vs. networks" August 28, 2003   "Part 5: Networks of power and freedom" October 16, 2003

Jesse Walker.  "Copy Catfight:  How Intellectual Property Laws Stifle Popular Culture"  Reason March 2000

Walker.  "Independent Media Tribes:  Bypassing the Old Gatekeepers"  Chronicles June 2004

Walker.  "With Friends Like These:  Why Community Radio Does Not Need the Corporation for Public Broadcasting"  Cato Policy Analysis No. 277 (July 24, 1997)


Andrew Boyd.  "The Web Rewires the Movement" The Nation Aug. 4, 2003.

Christopher Burnett.  "Social Netwar, the Independent Media Network, and the Necessity of Decentralized Organizing."  November 2000.

Harry Cleaver.  "Cyberspace and 'Ungovernability'"

"Direct Action in Industry"  IWA pamphlet from early 1970s

Julie Foster.  "Arizona Prepares For Secession From U.S." Worldnet Daily January 14, 2004

Alvin Lowi Jr.  "Avoiding the Grid: Technology and the Decentralization of Water," from The Half-Life of Policy Rationales: How New Technology Affects Old Policy Issues edited by Fred E. Foldvary and Daniel B. Klein (New York: New York University Press, 2004).

Alvin Lowi Jr. and Clyde Wayne Crews Jr.  "Technology and Electricity: Overcoming the Umbilical Mentality,"  from The Half-Life of Policy Rationales: How New Technology Affects Old Policy Issues edited by Fred E. Foldvary and Daniel B. Klein (New York: New York University Press, 2004)

James Murray.  "Chiapas and Montana:  Tierra Y Libertad"  Race Traitor #8 (Winter 1998)

David Neilson.  "The Liberty Incident Command System"  Sierra Times December 17, 2001

Notes from Nowhere Collective.  We Are Everywhere (London and New York:  Verso, 2003).
"Emergence: An Irresistible Global Uprising"
"Networks: The Ecology of the Movements"
"Autonomy: Creating Spaces for Freedom"
"Carnival: Resistance Is the Secret of Joy"
"Clandestinity: Resisting State Repression"
"Power: Building It Without Taking It"
"Walking: We Ask Questions"

Rejuvenal.  "Molotov Cocktail for Tom Lagana's Soul"

"Resistance is Necessary:  How to Stop Fascism"

Howard Rheingold.  "From Flashmobbing to Political Swarming" Aug. 13, 2003

Rheingold.  Smart Mobs:  The Next Social Revolution (Perseus Books, 2002)

David F. Ronfeldt et al.  The Zapatista Social Netwar in Mexico MR-994-A  (Santa Monica:  Rand, 1998)

"Swarming and the Future of Protesting"

David Wilcox.  The Guide to Effective Participation (1994)

Claire Wolf.  "The Hardyville Beginners Guide to Encrypt**n"  Backwoods Home February 15, 2004

Claire Wolf.  "Heading for Hardyville Gulch, Part I" Backwoods Home May 1, 2004  "Heading for Hardyville Gulch, Part II:  Gulching:  Yes, You Really Can Herd Cats"   May 15, 2004